I used to be a grammar snob. Since I was a high school English teacher, I felt it was my duty to correct errors in grammar wherever they could be found. Typos and flubs and linguistic faux pas caused me anguish. I addressed them like a firefighter rushing to a blaze. I would interrupt friends and family members to correct their pronoun case errors. I would email grammar lessons to my pastors. I would silence songs on the radio to point out ungrammatical lyrics to my (strangely unappreciative) children.
I am embarrassed by all of this now, but change didn’t take place overnight. Conviction and transformation came slowly for me, I admit, and I therefore strive to have patience with the still-emphatic grammar snobs around me. But I must make an appeal to my fellow language-lovers: Stop being snooty. There’s a better way.
If you are an admitted grammar snob, I want to help you. I am therefore proud to present eight vital steps to becoming less irritable and, more important, less irritating.
Step 1: Decide you want to change.
This is the biggest hurdle. Most grammar snobs I know are not interested in changing. They are proud of their grammar snobbery. They are not even deterred by epithets as strong as Grammar Nazi. Somehow, they wear this starkly pejorative label like a badge of honor.
Grammar snobs like to picture themselves as warriors against the decline of language and culture. They see themselves as heroes trying to “maintain the status quo of our beautiful language,” as a recent Facebook commenter put it. But those around them don’t see it that way. Most people are just annoyed by self-appointed grammar cops. No one likes unasked-for correction. The less grammar-adept around us just feel condescended to and judged. Some are bothered and offended, others just feel stupid and ashamed. Judging people by their grammar is wrong. Correcting their grammar uninvited is rude.
When someone attempts to communicate with you and you ignore what they are saying in order to correct how they say it, you are behaving shamefully. What could justify that kind of arrogance? Don’t say you can’t help it. Of course you can. But you have to decide you want to.
Step 2. Realize you can love English without being a snob.
I love English. I find words to be endlessly interesting. I’m fascinated by grammar, syntax, and etymology. And since I stopped being a snob, I’ve become still more interested. And that has led me to further study and increased understanding.
I’ve learned to listen attentively and avoid judgment when people speak in dialects and idioms that I’m not familiar with. I’ve become a much better student of the language since I stopped trying to be its arbiter. Grammar and linguistics can be even more fun when you break out of the trap of snobbery.
Step 3. Embrace the reality of language evolution.
Language changes over time. It always has and always will. Maintaining the status quo—as my social media friend put it—is impossible. In fact, the very phrase status quo implies it. (It means “the way things are now.”)
Centuries ago, Old English morphed into Middle English, which evolved into Modern English, which has never ceased to grow and mutate. The English of Dickens and Tennyson is vastly different from the English of Shakespeare and Marlowe. And the English of Hemingway and Faulkner is very unlike the English of Hawthorne and Poe. And despite the cries of critics, we have no shortage of brilliant writers today who create powerful art with the English of the early 21st century.
Not only does language change, but linguistic conservatives have always objected to the changes and prognosticated the doom of English. And they have all proved to be false prophets.
Step 4. Accept the nature of grammar rules.
Grammar rules exist. But there is widespread ignorance about where they come from. There is no officially sanctioned authority when it comes to English. And there never has been. Dictionaries, grammar books, and usage guides are not written by appointed authorities. They do not proclaim the official rules of correctness. Creators of such resources observe how the language is actually used by the majority, over time, and systematize it. They create descriptive, not prescriptive guides. These books are helpful because they tell us not how English should be used, but how it actually is being used. This is why they are so regularly updated.
A favorite retort of grammar snobs is, “Just because a grammar error becomes common doesn’t make it right.” But of course it does! That’s exactly how grammar rules come to be. They don’t exist because scholars agree on what should be. They exist because we speakers and writers of the language collectively adopt habits and ways of communicating. As words and expressions and grammatical nuances become ingrained over time, they get recognized as correct by the various “authorities” of the language–mostly teachers and writers and editors. This means words and idioms that were originally “erroneous” become, in time, accepted. That’s one common way language evolves.
It’s a sloppy system, sure. But it’s also wonderfully organic and democratic. I, for one, am glad there is no government-appointed board to determine rules of spelling, grammar, and lexicography. Words arise as we need them–or simply like them. Meanwhile, others disappear because they are no longer useful or fall out of favor. Rules get broken because speakers find them too hard to remember. Errors become normalized and then cease to be considered erroneous.
You might not like this. You might prefer stability and security when it comes to language. But there has never been stability in language and there never will be. Language belongs to the people who speak it, not to experts or elitists. There’s no stemming the tide of linguistic change.
I have found it wonderfully liberating to accept the fluidity and transience of English usage. I’m fascinated by slang, idiom, and wordplay. I’ve learned that while some slang terms come and go (groovy, da bomb, cat’s pajamas), others have surprising staying power (cool, awesome, clueless). Such things happen organically and inexplicably in the fabulous free market of English.
Step 5. Be skeptical toward Mrs. Crabtree.
Whoever your beloved elementary or middle school teacher was, she was probably wrong about a lot of things. Rules like these for example:
Never start sentences with and or but.
Never end a sentence with a preposition.
Never split an infinitive.
There are scores of these canards. They are not even evidence of language evolution. They are simply spurious rules derived from the opinions of obscure, centuries-old scholars that somehow took on the authority of gospel among grammar elitists.
This is the ironic part of grammar snobbery: Those who claim intellectual superiority on grammatical matters are so often wrong. There are several well-written and well-researched resources that delve into these controversial issues. It’s not hard to find the truth with just a little Googling, but grammar snobs have a bad tendency to blindly cling to rules they were taught in their school days. This leads to the next step.
Step 6. Be willing to learn.
Another irony I’ve found is that those least open to learning about language tend to be English teachers. I don’t want to paint with too broad a brush, but on they whole, they seem to be the most stubborn about grammar issues.
I once spent considerable time debunking the “never start a sentence with and” rule. I pointed to dozens of web articles on the subject. I cited three well-regarded usage dictionaries and the OED showing that sentences have started with and from the earliest days of English, including those written by our greatest writers. I pointed out that the first chapter of the Bible includes thirty-nine sentences beginning with and. I used some web tools to show that and has been among the top five most common words to start sentences in print for decades. I also showed that the first scholars to oppose starting sentences with and were simply expressing opinion and not attempting to establish a universal rule. In short, I made what I considered an open and shut argument against a clearly spurious rule.
All with the hope of setting us free. Most English speakers and writers start sentences with and regularly. Or want to. I want to give them permission.
But I didn’t convince at least one English teacher. She made no rebuttal. She cited no research or authorities. She ignored my evidence. She simply said, in effect, “I have always taught students not to start sentences with and, and I will continue to insist on it in my classroom no matter what you say.” She clearly saw me as a subversive trying to undo her many years of work ingraining the and rule in her children. Perhaps it was too emotionally difficult to accept that she’d been teaching an imaginary rule all that time. I get that. I just hoped that as a teacher, her commitment to intellectual integrity would win out. I still hope it will in time.
Step 7. Keep your preferences, lose the rules.
Abandoning grammar snobbery doesn’t mean you have to abandon your language preferences. No one is insisting that you begin including the word irregardless in your daily speech. You just don’t have to correct others who do. If you like your Oxford comma, you can keep your Oxford comma. Feel free to refuse to use the singular they or their.
The whole point is that the language doesn’t belong to any one of us or to any group of elites. That means you can feel free to detest particular slang terms and expressions. Don’t start sentences with and if you don’t prefer it. Avoid redundant prepositions if that’s where you are at. Have opinions and feel free to share them with interested parties. (Although, I don’t recommend it when you are at actual parties.) Just remember that they are opinions and not universal law. Acknowledge that others may have a different opinion on what effective and evocative language looks like.
Step 8. Don’t worry; be happy.
This might be my best selling point. Life is better in my post-grammar snobbery days. I am still sometimes tempted to annoyance when a particular pet peeve appears in print, but resisting the temptation gets easier and easier. When I hear what sounds like an error, I think about it. I observe and consider. Sometimes I research. I wonder how such aberrations come about and why some of them stick around. It’s a fascinating study. I don’t necessarily adopt the expressions I hear, but sometimes I do (I made my daughter’s friend laugh the other day when I described her haircut as totes adorbs.)
People use words in different ways. That doesn’t have to bother you. In fact, it can interest and entertain you. It’s all about your point of view. I can’t believe grammar snobs who regularly complain about other people’s use of English are as happy as they could be. That’s a shame. If for no other reason, quit being a grammar snob because it will make you happier.
The older I get, the more I realize how hard it is to change someone’s mind about pretty much anything. So, I don’t expect this article will convert waves of grammar snobs. But I hope someone will listen. If that’s you, I wish you well on your road to recovery. There are enough problems in this world to get impassioned about. Plenty of causes to be defended. Grammar doesn’t have to be one of them.